King Kamehameha Statue in front of Judiciary Building of downtown Honolulu. This statue was created in 1878 by Walter Gibson. Kamehameha I (1758Ð1819), also known as Kamehameha the Great, conquered the Hawaiian Islands and formally established the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1810. By developing alliances with the major Pacific colonial powers, Kamehameha preserved Hawaii’s independence under his rule. Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaii Islands.